• Walking tour of the Clovelly Court landscape with John Rous and Simon Bonvoisin. Wednesday 13th September 2017. See Events section for information.
Devon Gardens Trust is devoted to the preservation and enhancement of gardens in the UK county of Devon

Central Park

Statutory Designation: 

In the northern most part of the Park is Pounds House, a Grade II listed large 19th century villa (centred approximately at NGR: SX47488 56999).  Details of this property can be found on the EH Images of England website.

District: 
Plymouth
Parish: 
Plymouth
Grid ref: 
SX 247 562
Map no: 
Landranger 201
Type of site: 
Urban park
Description: 

Central Park is the largest (171 acres) public park in Devon, originally planned as a major lung for the city.  The site was formed from a collection of farms, sold cheaply to the City Council by Lord St Levan in 1923 on condition that they remained public open space.  The City Council commissioned the landscape architect E. Reuben Mawson to prepare a plan for the park, and his far-sighted report was presented to The Hoe and Parks Committee in October 1928.  By 1929 the Ministry of Health had approved the laying out of Central Park as a suitable  work of public utility for the relief of unemployment, and works estimated to cost £18,400  were put in hand. It is interesting to note how many of Mawson’s recommendations have been implemented, dominated by the Plymouth Argyle Football Club (HomePark) and provision for cricket, tennis, swimming, golf, playing fields, playgrounds and bowling greens, as well as wild gardens and an informal park.  In anticipation of an enormous growth in motor traffic, Mawson advocated parking for 700 to 800 cars.  It was not until the 1960s that any major developments took place, and since then there has been acrimony within the City Council and in consultation with the public over the erosion of the landscaped parkland.  In 1962 the zoo opened, followed in 1965 the swimming pool and in 1970 by the Mayflower Centre.  By the mid 1970s, only half of the original 234 acres opened by the Mayor in 1931 remained as open space. Argument has continued through the 1980s and into the 1990s, with proposals for hotel and supermarket developments.

Conservation Area: 
No
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty: 
No
Area of Great Landscape Value: 
No
Nature Conservation Zone: 
No
Coastal Preservation Area: 
No
National Park: 
No
Scheduled: 
No
Evidence: 
MapView plan, scale 1:2500 Historic Maps c1930 Mawsons original design drawings
References: 
Cherry & Pevsner: The Buildings of England – Devon, 1989: 670 S Pugsley: Devon Gardens – An Historical Survey, 1994: 151-2
Status: 
on Devon Gazetteer